Endosulfan is a derivative of hexachlorocyclopentadiene, and is chemically similar to aldrin, chlordane, and heptachlor. It is used in crops like cereals, coffee, cotton, fruit, oil seeds, potato,tea and vegetables. Bythe issue became big enough for the Kerala government to ban endosulfan. 113 0 obj<> endobj The tragedy of people exposed to pesticide Endosulfan in Kasaragod district of Kerala is continuing. Anti-endosulfan activists protest to compensate the victims and also a total ban on the pesticide. ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. trailer The side-effects of pesticide spray in cashew plantations are not restricted only in that district rather it was spread into the neighboring districts Karnataka, adjacent to Kasaragod [4]. 0000005296 00000 n This district is famous for its cashew plantation. The health effects of the chemical include neurotoxicity, late sexual maturity, physical deformities, poisoning, among others. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Endosulfan is considered as Persistent organic Pollutant (PoP) in ‘Stockholm Convention’ held in Geneva on 29th April, 2011. endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. The pesticide endosulfan was sprayed aerially for around 25 years in cashew plantations situated in Kasargod and caused severe diseases and extensive malformations among people living in the region. endosulfan spraying. Consequently, the Government of India banned the sale and use of endosulfan in Kerala from 2005 onwards. Down To Earth takes a look at one of the worst and longest-running pesticide poisoning episodes in India and how it culminated with the Supreme Court. Despite government promises, official efforts to … (MS) No. The controversy for using the ‘endosulfan’ started emerging since the 1990s [2]. From the mid 1970s, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. 0000014620 00000 n India’s Endosulfan Disaster – A review of the Health impacts and status of remediation October 2009 3 The aerial spraying of endosulfan over the cashew plantations in Kasaragod district in Kerala, India was started in 1978. About 500 persons have lost their lives over the past decade owing to various diseases triggered by the large-scale use of pesticides in the district [4]. startxref In Kasargod, a sleepy, scenic, but sweltering hot district of northern Kerala, rumours emerged that the aerial spraying of endosulfan on cashew plantations was causing abnormal cases of cancer, skin disease, congenital deformities, sterility and other illnesses. British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. The estate has 113 workers, 18 staff and 6 officer as employees. 0000000656 00000 n UPDATE. Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the <]>> After the toxicity of the pesticide came into limelight in 2001 in Kasargod District, Kerala banned it. 0000003120 00000 n Endosulfan Poisoning in Kasargod, Kerala, India 1 Report of a Fact Finding Misssion Over the past 2 ‰ decades, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. In another claim children are being born even now with genetic defects [4]. The World Health Organizationestim… People living in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod district were exposed to the insecticide endosulfan – a highly potent neurotoxin – between 1975 and 2000, when the public sector Plantation Corporation of Kerala sprayed the chemical aerially on its 12,000-acre cashew estates. The spraying of endsosulfan in the cashew plantations of State-owned Plantation Corporation of Kerala caused a disaster on the biodiversity of the area, a … In a controlled environment ,losses from the grass and Villagers also observed that unique kinds of illness have started emerging among human and animals which was never seen before. On the basis of this in-vestigation, in November 2010 the PCB banned endosulfan throughout the state. CONTINUING DISASTER OF ENDOSULFAN IN KASARGOD AND KANNUR DISTRICTS OF KERALA Abstract Between 1976 and 2000, more than 50,000 villagers of Kasargod district in Kerala, India have been exposed to endosulfan, a persistent organic pesticide, sprayed on the cashew plantations owned by the Plantation Corporation of Kerala. Environmentalists as well as the various groups formed Anti-Endosulfan Committee to form a pressure group to ban Endosulphan. The endosulfan controversy first began in the late 1990s. Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. Was environmental justice served? The report was released in two parts on January and July, The study pointed out that use of same pesticide for 20 years was against the recommended practice of rotating pesticides. 0000002591 00000 n People residing in the villages within the plantation have been afflicted with different x�b```f``������q�����bl@�q��Sۙ���pCƇ�}�]ؾpn����q���}�@�{|4�t9��Yp��mv���B�l岛m���>g�ܖ�e! 0000001059 00000 n ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. These kinds of illness may not be due to Endosulphan alone [2]. There is an update to this case (while the origins of, the case are reported in full in Sunita Narain’s book of 2017). This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. ... and health issues due to its bioaccumulation came under media attention when health issues precipitated in the Kasargod District of Kerala were publicised. Some studies tried to correlate the occurrence of illness due to the endosulphan poisoning and other claim that the disease occurrence is normal and cannot be correlated with the spraying as endosulphan decay fast in warm Indian climate. 0000000016 00000 n : A global ban on endosulfan was imposed in Stockholm Convention in Geneva is mainly promoted by the incidences in Karsagod. More than 3000 people living near, downstream and… Endosulfan was the only pesticide applied to cashew plantations in the villages for 20 years, and had contaminated the village environment. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. Kasargod District is located in the southern part of India in Kerala State. Its residues spread far and wide via wind and rain, leaving a trail of destruction in the district and neighbouring regions of Karnataka, killing more than 1,00… Environmental groups such as Pesticide Action Network and Thanal has campaigned globally with horror-inducing pictures of the endosulphan effect on the human lives and environment [2], Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc), References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries, Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites, Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network. The formulation that was sprayed contained about 0.05-0.1 per cent of endosulfan [2]. A study by Centre for Science and Environment in 2001 in the area after the spraying was stopped also found the presence of endosulfan in humans, water bodies and soil. Archived from the original PDF on 27 March There are reports that India has softened its stand on Endosulfan at the Stockholm Convention but with conditions. On  31, said that the Kerala government was ignoring the sufferings of mothers and, children. To protect this crop since the mid 1970s, the pesticide endosulfan has been widely used and aerially sprayed on cashew nut plantation covering several villages in the district [1]. The estate is spread over 2190 Ha. Kasaragod([kɑːsɾɡoːɖ] and anglicised to Kassergode is one of the 14 districts in the southern Indian state of Kerala.It is the northernmost district of Kerala and is included in the North Malabar region. CONCLUSION Endosulfan,a hard to degrade pesticide,has caused heavy damages to biotic and abiotic factors of Kasargod The fact has been endorsed byvarious pollution control boards and environmental protection agencies That is the main reason why it is banned or yellow- marked in many countries. Endosulfan was sprayed in Kerala, on two days each year on cashew plantations from a helicopter. Posted on August 22, 2019 by admin. They are demanding an immediate intervention to ensure a complete stoppage of pesticide usage and advocate for the organic farming [3] [4]. %%EOF This was when the victims of indiscriminate spraying of the pesticide, Endosulfan in Kasaragod district staged an agitation in January 2018, demanding, that the State government implement the Supreme Court order issued in January, 2017 to disburse ₹5 lakh (less than 10,000 USD) as compensation to  victims on the “official list” within three. 0000005232 00000 n INSIDE STORY: How endosulfan poisoned Kasargod – News. Endosulfan is known to be an endocrine disruptor and a genotoxin20. Environment (KSCSTE) for monitoring endosulfan persistence in soil, water and blood samples in the selected areas of Kasaragod District and its impacts on human health and environment vide G.O. ENDOSULFAN MALAYALAM PDF. They organized protest demonstration, strikes, and other means to lodge their demands for an end to the spraying of endosulfan in Kasaragod district. In 2011, SC banned the production, distribution & use of endosulfan in India. 0000002502 00000 n This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in. Environmentalists and denizens of this district began to believe this spray was slowly poisoning people. xref 0000021569 00000 n ENDOSULFAN MALAYALAM PDF. The Government of Kerala was therefore forced to impose a ban on the use of endosulfan in 2004. 0000021838 00000 n Rumors have started that the aerial spraying of endosulfan on cashew plantations is main cause of abnormal cases of many alignments for example; cancer, skin disease, congenital deformities, sterility and other illnesses [1]. 2017, [5]The Plantation Corporation of Kerala Ltdhttp://pcklimited.in/plantation.htm, [2] Kerala’s Endosulfan Tragedyhttp://www.openthemagazine.com/article/nation/kerala-s-endosulfan-tragedy, [3] Anti-endosulfan stir enters a new phasehttp://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-12-19/news/45377566_1_endosulfan-victims-kasaragod-women-victims, [4] Kerala endosulfan victims allege 'state terrorism'http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2010-11-23/news/27615723_1_kasaragod-district-cashew-plantations-plantation-corporation, Government of INDIA recommended use of Endosulfan and available alternativeshttp://www.endosulfan.in/wp-content/docs/Endosulfan%20alternatives%201-1.0.pdf, Popular Articles About Endosulfanhttp://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/endosulfan, [1] Story of Kasaragodhttp://www.endosulfan.in/#storyofkasaragod, The Hindu, Endosulfan victims in the warpath, 31 Jan 2018. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/endosulfan-victims-on-the-warpath/article22598311.ece, Endosulfan victim in Kasargodhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ad0gY4L5jOg, Ban endosulfan sdpi kasaragod rallyhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJbIUnwjSVo, Use of Endosulphan in Kasaragod distric, Kerala, India, Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management). This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in ... British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. Biological Diversity Act, 2002http://nbaindia.org/content/25/19/1/act.html, The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974http://www.moef.nic.in/legis/water/wat1.html, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutantshttp://chm.pops.int/default.aspx, The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981http://envfor.nic.in/legis/air/air1.html, The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986http://envfor.nic.in/legis/env/env1.html, Down to Earth Report 2http://endosulphanvictims.org/resources/DTE_Report2.pdf, Endosulfan Poisoning and the Struggle of the community in Kasaragod to regain life and the living landhttp://thanal.co.in/uploads/resource/document/Endosulphan-posoning-kazargod-kerala-69462114.pdf, Down to Earth Reporthttp://endosulphanvictims.org/resources/DTE_Report1.pdf, REPORT ON MONITORING OF ENDOSULFAN RESIDUES IN THE 11 PANCHAYATHS OF KASARAGOD DISTRICT, KERALAhttp://www.cseindia.org/userfiles/endo_report1.pdf, A critique of the epidemiological studies on health in allegedly endosulfan-affected areas in Kasaragod, Keralahttp://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/104/01/0016.pdf, Sunita Narain, Conflict of Interest. Print 0000001162 00000 n Ban on Endosulfan. India was one of the biggest producers & consumers of endosulfan. 0000004177 00000 n endosulfan has been banned since 2004, and yet, the Pollution Control Board (PCB) of Kerala during its monitoring (2008-10) revealed endosulfan residues in the water resources, including in the Shiriya river in Kasargod district. The Rain of Poison Once up on a time in the villages of This one is a Traditional water source, Suranga Land, People, Tradition, Culture. 1550/20/10/HFW, dated: 09.04.2010 (Annexure I). 0000005386 00000 n 0000014941 00000 n The government estimates 710 people had died due to ill effects of aerial spraying of Endosulfan in cashew plantations in 4,696 hectares in the northern district from 1976 to 2000. My Journey through India’s Green Movement, Viking, Gurgaon. ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. 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