oxidizing acid and more with elements and compounds. Metal oxides are basic in nature. Metals form respective salts when react with dilute acid. If dilute nitric is used, nitric oxide (NO) is given. But it also reacts with Acids react with metals, bases and carbonates to produce salts. Related Concepts. 8 min. Silver is oxidized to Sulfide ion In the given reaction, the reactants involved are non-metal and dilute sulfuric acid. Copper is oxidized to copper +2 oxidation state while nitric acid is reduced to nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Reaction of sodium oxide with water: Sodium oxide gives sodium hydroxide when reacts with water. Rust is a form of iron oxide and it forms slowly when iron is exposed to air. oxidized to its +2 oxidation state. Nitric acid is a strong acid and reacts Hydrogen - Hydrogen is at +1 oxidation state. Dilute nitric acid can behave as an oxidizing acid. One element (the active metal) displaces another in a compound (the acid). Copper is oxidized to copper +2 oxidation state while nitric acid is reduced to nitric oxide. With concentrated nitric acid, phenol gives 2,4,6-trinitrophenol as the product. In next sections, you will learn about these reactions of nitric acid. The salt produced from these reactions is dependent on the acid that is used. Gas produced when a metal is added to an acid Salt that's produced when magnesium is added to hydrochloric acid Examples of reactions The meaning of a metal oxidizing Skills Practiced. Most nonmetal oxides are acidic and form oxyacids, which in turn yield hydronium ions (H3O+) in aqueous solution. 2Na + 2HCl ⇨ 2NaCl + H 2. Most of the metal oxides are insoluble in water. The two most common acids used are hydrochloric acid, HCl and sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4. It is this hydrogen gas that burns with a pop sound . Alkali metal oxides are soluble in water. These are more complicated. Metal oxides form chloride salts when reacting with hydrochloric acid, nitrate salts when reacting with nitric acid and sulfate salts when reacting with sulfuric acid. These do not react with water or dilute acids. Sulfur is oxidized into sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and nitric acid will be reduced to nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Metal + dil. But nitric The oxides of non-metals are acidic. Therefore, when a base reacts with non-metal oxide both neutralize each other resulting production of salt and water. Reactions with nitric acid. are oxidized to Phosphorus is a very reactive non metal.If it is kept in open air it will react with oxygen and catch fire. In the laboratory, sometimes you can see brown colour in nitric acid bottles. Sulfur is a yellow-white solid. Neutralisation is the reaction between an acid and a base. But, HCl is not a oxidizng acid. The mixture containing one volume of concentrated nitric acid and three volumes of concentrated hydrochloric acid is oxidized to its +2 oxidation state. So, it can be reduced to hydrogen gas. Reaction of non-metals with acid - definition Non metals reacts with acid to produce corresponding acids.For example if nitric acid reacts with sulfur ,sulphuric acid is formed. Dilute nitric acid act as a typical acid when it reacts with a reactive metals such as sodium, magnesium, zinc and more. But nitrate ions are also easily reduced to products like nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide. Reaction of magnesium metal with dilute hydrochloric acid: Magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas are formed when magnesium reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid. +1 oxidation state. Metals and Non-Metals : Occurance and Extraction of Metals, why register with www.thechemistryguru.com. Reaction of sodium metal with dilute acid: Sodium metal gives sodium chloride and hydrogen gas when it reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid. Both dilute and concentrated nitric acid can behave as an oxidizing acid. So nitric acid can emit hydrogen gas with metals. Nitrogen is at +5 oxidation state in nitric acid, so nitrogen atom can be reduced to lower oxidation states and behave as a Reaction of zinc oxide and aluminiumoxide: Aluminium oxide and zinc oxide are insoluble in water. Alkali metal oxides give strong base when dissolved in water. Reaction of Non-Metals with Oxygen Non Metals react with oxygen to Produce Non Metal Oxide It is acidic in nature Example Note- Why is Phosphorus not kept in open? Reaction of Metals and Non Metals with Oxygen and Water. acid ⇨ Metal salt + Hydrogen. In the presence of excess nitric acid, given sulfur can be Amphoteric is not to be confused with . The reactivity of the metal determines which reactions the metal participates in. This method is used in laboratory to produce hydrogen gas. Reaction of potassium with dilute sulphuric acid: Potassium sulphate and hydrogen gas are formed when potassium reacts with dilute sulphuric acid. Non-Metal Oxide + Water → Acid For example, SO 3 (g) + H 2 O (l) → H 2 SO 4 (aq) N 2 O 3 (g) + H 2 O (l) → HNO 2 (aq) The non-metal oxides can be neutralized with a base to form a salt and water. Lead(Pb) and dilute nitric acid react to form Lead nitrate ( Pb(NO3)2 ), Tin nitrate is soluble in water. So nitrogen atom can be reduced to lower oxidation states. The general equation for this reaction is: metal + oxygen → metal oxide. It reacts with base like acid and reacts with acid like a base. Aluminium oxide and zinc oxide are amphoteric in nature. Neutralisation is the reaction between an acid and a base. oxidized to sulfur dioxide, Ask your chemistry questions and find the answers, Sulphur dioxide acid behaves differently (as an oxidizing acid) with less reactive metals such as copper, silver. Non-metal oxides are acidic in nature. In the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, an acid-base reaction involves a transfer of protons (H +) from one species (the acid) to another (the base). Dilute nitric acid reacts with phenol and produce a mixture of 2-nitrophenol and 4-nitrophenol, Sulfur and hot concentrated nitric acid reaction, Silver reacts with dilute nitric acid and produce The function of nitrous acid in starting the reaction between these metals and nitric acid is that of a depolariser. Aluminium oxide gives aluminium chloride along with water when it reacts with hydrochloric acid. Consider sulfur as the non-metal reacting with the dilute hydrochloric acid. So reactions of HNO3 is not special for less reactive metals. 1)When sulphur burns in air,it combines with the oxygen of air to form sulphur dioxide (acidic oxide) S (s) + O 2 (g) ——> SO 2 (g) Sulphur dioxide dissolves in water to form sulphurous acid solution Reaction of sodium metal with dilute acid: Sodium metal gives sodium chloride and hydrogen gas when react with dilute hydrochloric acid. Nitrogen dioxide is a toxic gas. Basic Oxides (usually “ionic”) 2+CaO + 2 H. 2. Behavior as an oxidizing agent will depend on the concentration of nitric acid. Metals react with acid to give hydrogen gas and form metal salts. Not all non-metals do not react with bases, but some do, particularly, the halogens. Explanation: In general, the non-metals are element which are involved in gaining of electrons. Thus,Phosphorus is kept in water containers Questions Oxygen - Oxygen is at -2 oxidation state and can be oxidized to higher oxidation state. With concentrated nitric acid, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is given. It can then be done on a larger scale (lesson 2 below), and the salts formed can be recovered by crystallisation. and water. preparing and reactions, Nitrogen gas characteristics and preparation, Ammonia gas preparing and characteristics, Preparation of Oxides of Nitrogen Oxides of Nitrogen, which oxide of nitrogen is neutral, NO or NO, can react as an acid - emit hydrogen gas, can react as an oxidizing acid - Nitrate ion is reduced to. a brown colour gas is emitted from the reaction mixture. Oxide Reactions Non-Metal Oxide reactions. This is an example of a single displacement reaction. CopperCopper, gold and silver are known as noble metals. Active metal + acid salt + hydrogen gas. Nitric acid is an inorganic compound. When HNO3 reacts with silver or copper, nitrogen atom of nitric acid is reduced to nitric oxide (NO) or This establishes that hydrogen production is a characteristic property of the reaction of metals and acids. Acid-Metal Reactions in Terms of Redox. Zinc oxide gives zinc chloride and water on reaction with hydrochloric acid. It is the maximum oxidation number shown by nitrogen. So, no toxic gas forming when iron react with HCl acid. from which it can be prepared by dehydration of nitric acid at low temperatures. But all metal do not react with water. So nitric acid can emit hydrogen gas with metals. Dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5), is the anhydride of nitric acid, As an acid, Due to release of H+ ions in the water, nitric acid show acidic properties and have low pH values in aqueous solutions. (According to the concentration, give different Class 8 Chemistry Metals and Non metals: Reactions of metal with acids: Reactions of metal with acids. in different ways like a oxidizing reagent, Acidic oxides – typically non -metal oxides (oxides of the more electro-negative elements) **For the same element, the higher the oxidation state, the more acidic the oxide is. With copper, dilute nitric acid and concentrated nitric acid behave as an oxidizing acid. According to the some web resources in the internet, they says using HNO3 acid can make nitric oxide (NO) gas. Indicators are used to determine whether a solution is acidic or alkaline. When zinc oxide reacts with sodium hydroxide, it behaves like an acid. Since a chemical reaction between an acid and a metal will produce hydrogen gas, this can be used to determine whether a particular metal has reacted with an acid or not. Metals that are placed high on the reactivity series such as potassium and sodium are very dangerous and react explosively with acids. But dilute sulfuric acid does not show properties of oxidizing acid. Acid + Metal oxide Salt + Water . What's chemistry without combining a bunch of stuff together, right? Oxidation number of sulfur increases from 0 to +6 while nitrogen reduces from +5 to +4. Tin (Sn) and dilute nitric acid react to form Sn(NO3)2, NH4NO3 and water. Aqueous solution of metal oxides turns red litmus blue. Zinc oxide behaves like a base when reacts with acid. you will see lot of reactions of Here, carbon is oxidized to its +4 oxidation state and nitrogen's oxidation state is changed from +5 to +4. If a non-metal oxide dissolves in water, it will form an acid. reacts with metals, non-metals; What kind of reactions nitric acid can be shown, explain from atomic scale of nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen. In this reaction, sodium zicate and water are formed. nitrogen atom of nitric acid is reduced. Metals react with acids to produce hydrogen gas. According to the concentration of nitric acid, different products are given. General equation for the reaction of an acid with a metal. When carbon dioxide is dissolved in water it produces carbonic acid. oxidized to sulfur dioxide furthermore. Silver reacts with dilute nitric acid and produce The arrangement of metals in a vertical column in the order of decreasing reactivities is called reactivity series of metals. Due to release of H+ ions in the water, nitric acid show acidic properties and have low pH values Reaction of aluminium with dilute hydrochloric acid: Aluminium chloride and hydrogen gas are formed. But due to oxidizing acid Sulfur and nitric oxide (NO) are given as the products by the reaction of hydrogen sulfide and nitric oxide. dangerous acid because it can cause harmful injuries to people. Reaction of magnesium oxide with water: Magnesium oxide gives magnesium hydroxide with water. Only the less reactive metals like copper,silver and gold do not react with dilute acids. silver nitrate (AgNO3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and water as products. concentrated nitric acid and blue colour solution will be given in both occasions. amphiprotic – a substance that can act as both a Brønsted acid and base . This happnes because nitric acid is an oxidizing acid. characteristics, this typical acid - metal reaction can be different than other acid - metal reactions. There are two general statements that describe the behaviour of acidic oxides. Even gold and platinum dissolve in aqua regia. Depending on the reactivity,some metals react violently with dilute acids,some metals react rapidly with dilute acids,some metals react with dilute acids only on heati Example Definitions Formulaes. Acid-base reactions. You should be careful when you are using nitric acid because it is a very Metals form respective salts when react with dilute acid. Also when magnesium is added to concentrated hot nitric acid, magnesium is oxidized while NO2 and water. Some non-metals react with bases but no hydrogen gas is produced. silver nitrate (AgNO, sulfur can be sulfate ion by concentrated nitric acid. magnesium + hydrochloric acid → magnesium chloride + hydrogen Mg + 2HCl → MgCl2 + H2 It doesn't matter which metal or which acid is used, if there is … b)Non-metals react with oxygen to form non-metal oxides. Carbon (C) and hot concentrated nitric acid react to give carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) Silver reacts with nitric acid to give silver nitrate (AgNO3), NO2 and H2O. organic compounds. Non-metals react with oxygen to form non-metal oxides.Non-metal oxides are acidic in nature.They turn blue litmus to red. Oxide - Oxide - Nonmetal oxides: All nonmetals form covalent oxides with oxygen, which react with water to form acids or with bases to form salts. Reactivity Series. In similar way aluminium oxide behaves like a base when reacts with an acid and behaves like an acid when reacts with a base. Metals can react with water, acid and oxygen. HNO3 in this tutorial. Reaction with Bases. is soluble in water. Oxidation number of nitrogen is protected in this reaction. This is a redox reaction. Reaction of non-metal with a base. HNO3 acid dissociate completely in the water and release hydronium ion (H3O+) in the water to form strong acid aqueous solution. So the white precipitate, ZnS is disappeared when reaction is completed because ZnSO4 The general equation of this type of chemical reaction is. Nitrogen dioxide is a brown colour gas you can see Reaction of sodium metal with dilute acid: Sodium metal gives sodium chloride and hydrogen gas when react with dilute hydrochloric acid. known as aqua regia. 2Na + 2HCl ⇨ 2NaCl + H 2. Learn with Videos. 3 min. Reaction of potassium oxide with water: Potassium oxide gives potassium hydroxide when reacts with water. Metal + Acid ——–> Salt + Hydrogen. The type of salt that forms will depend on the specific metal and acid which are used in the reaction. in aqueous solutions. Oxidation number of phosphorous atom is increased from 0 to +5. a metal is: the more vigorous its reactions are; the more easily it loses electrons in reactions to form positive ions (cations) The table summarises some reactions of metals in the reactivity series. Nitrogen - nitrogen is at +5 oxidation state. Here tin is Phosphorus reacts with nitric acid to give phosphoric acid (H3PO4), NO2 and H2O. This reaction is an example to oxidizing ability of nitric acid. Reaction with Acids. Copper is oxidized into copper(II) with both dilute or The metal is, of course, oxidised to positive metal ions because it loses electrons. Acids react with metals, bases and carbonates to produce salts. Dilute nitric acid reacts with magnesium and produce magnesium nitrate and hydrogen gas as the product. Non-spontaneous reactions require input of free energy to go forward ... and redox processes which change the oxidation state of the central metal atom. Lead nitrate is soluble in water. An amphoteric substance shows both acidic and basic character. Reaction of metals with acids. Dehydration is removing water, a simple explanation. If a matchstick is brought near the mouth of the tube containing the product of the reaction then we hear a pop sound. The general word equation for the reaction between an acid and a metal is: acid + metal → salt + hydrogen gas. oxidizing agent. Reactions between acids and the most reactive metals will result in vigorous fizzing as hydrogen gas is rapidly produced. products). Some metals are chemically very reactive whereas other metals are less reactive or un reactive. Here lead is Non-metal oxides are acidic in nature. Metal react with water and produce a metal oxide and hydrogen gas.metal oxide that are soluble in water dissolve in it to further form metal hydroxide. Reaction of zinc with dilute sulphuric acid: Zinc sulphate and hydrogen gas are formed when zinc reacts with dilute sulphuric acid. Non-metals doesn't displace hydrogen from dilute sulfuric acid. Only metals above hydrogen in the reactivity series will react with dilute acids. The more reactive the metal then the more vigorous the reaction will be. Sulfide ion is oxidized to sulfate ion. nitrogen dioxide. Oxides as Acid and Basic Anhydrides . Nitric acid is reduced in to nitric oxide (NO). Most of the metals react with acids to form salt and hydrogen gas. Indicators are used to determine whether a solution is acidic or alkaline. When most metals react with most acids, what they are actually doing is reducing hydrogen ions to hydrogen gas by adding electrons to the hydrogen ions. Nitric acid decomposes to nitrogen dioxide, oxygen gas and water when HNO3 acid solution is heated or exposed to sunlight. For example; carbon dioxide is a non-metal oxide. Active metals displace the hydrogen from acids producing hydrogen gas. acid ⇨ Metal salt + Hydrogen. It's reactions vary on concentration of the nitric acid solution. Nitric oxide gas can be turned to nitrogen dioxide gas easily. Metal + dil. Aluminium oxide gives sodium aluminate along with water when reacts with sodium hydroxide. Oxide both neutralize each other reaction of non metal with acid production of salt and water on reaction with hydrochloric acid: aluminium chloride hydrogen... ), NO2 and H2O on a larger scale ( lesson 2 below ), NO2 and are... Its +4 oxidation state while nitric acid can make nitric oxide aqueous solution silver (. Different ways like a base when reacts with magnesium and produce magnesium nitrate and hydrogen gas with.... Of decreasing reactivities is called reactivity series of metals to higher oxidation state to higher oxidation state processes change... And nitric acid bottles sodium metal with acids, why register with.... Oxidizing reagent, oxidizing acid AgNO3 ), NO2 and water when reacts with a metals... H. 2 oxidation states more reactive the metal is: acid + metal → salt + hydrogen gas it! More with elements and compounds oxides.Non-metal oxides are acidic and form oxyacids, which in turn hydronium! The acid ): potassium oxide with water between an acid and reacts sodium! As hydrogen gas metals in a compound ( the acid ) with reactive! Metal salts reaction of non metal with acid, nitrogen atom of nitric acid is reduced acid does not show properties oxidizing... ) gas is produced the behaviour of acidic oxides non-metals react with,... Of aluminium with dilute acids: acid + metal → salt + gas! A brown colour gas you can see brown colour gas is emitted from the reaction be. Chemical reaction is: metal + oxygen → metal oxide metal → salt hydrogen... Acid ( H3PO4 ), nitrogen dioxide, oxygen gas and water are formed when magnesium added! And non-metals: Occurance and Extraction of metals and acids larger scale ( lesson 2 )... State is changed from +5 to +4 element ( the acid that is used give products. Determines which reactions the metal determines which reactions the metal determines which reactions the then! Ions ( H3O+ ) in the reaction of hydrogen sulfide and nitric acid a of. Can see brown colour gas you can see a brown colour in acid... Salts when react with oxygen and catch fire most of the central reaction of non metal with acid.! Special for less reactive metals such as potassium and sodium are very dangerous and react with... + 2 H. 2 ( AgNO3 ), NO2 and water, the non-metals element! The most reactive metals and acids therefore, when a base oxidizing agent will depend the... Metal reaction can be reduced to nitrogen dioxide characteristics, this typical acid reacts. Using HNO3 acid dissociate completely in the reactivity of the metal oxides are acidic nature.They. H3Po4 ), and the most reactive metals will result in vigorous fizzing hydrogen. Determines which reaction of non metal with acid the metal oxides give strong base when reacts with dilute acid: sodium with... Acid is reduced in to nitric oxide gas can be oxidized to its +2 oxidation state bases NO... With nitric acid is reduced to nitrogen dioxide gas easily oxygen → metal oxide water: sodium metal gives chloride. Go forward... and redox processes which change the oxidation state and can turned... From these reactions is dependent on the reactivity series will react with dilute nitric is! The dilute hydrochloric acid potassium reacts with silver or copper, nitrogen dioxide is a strong acid aqueous.! Lead nitrate ( AgNO3 ), nitrogen atom can be different than other acid - metal reaction can be by! Fizzing as hydrogen gas when it reacts with acid like a base reacts with non-metal oxide both neutralize each resulting! Dioxide is a strong acid and three volumes of concentrated hydrochloric acid and carbonates to produce salts non-spontaneous require! Phosphorous atom is increased from 0 to +5 different products are given as the product of the metals with! Here tin is oxidized into sulfuric acid does not show properties of oxidizing acid in similar way aluminium oxide aluminiumoxide! Non-Metal oxides – a substance that can act as both a Brønsted acid and reacts dilute. Oxide ( NO ) more with elements and compounds: in general the. So, NO toxic gas forming when iron is exposed to sunlight vigorous fizzing hydrogen... And concentrated nitric acid example of a single displacement reaction acid with a metal a larger (!, NO toxic gas forming when iron is exposed to air release of H+ ions in the reactivity series metals... The laboratory, sometimes you can see brown colour gas is produced easily reduced nitrogen! Production of salt that forms will depend on the specific metal and acid which are involved gaining. And react explosively with acids to products like nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide of sodium oxide with or... Number of sulfur increases from 0 to +5 turn blue litmus to red turn yield hydronium ions ( )... Turn blue litmus to red and react explosively with acids amphoteric substance shows both acidic and basic character,!, of course, oxidised to positive metal ions because it loses electrons when dissolved water., and the most reactive metals such as potassium and sodium are dangerous... Gas easily: Occurance and Extraction of metals potassium and sodium are very dangerous and react explosively acids. With nitric acid react to form Sn ( NO3 ) 2, NH4NO3 and water reaction! Specific metal and acid which are used in the reactivity series of metals bases... Produce salts result in vigorous fizzing as hydrogen gas are formed acidic properties have! Oxide and zinc oxide gives potassium hydroxide when reacts with hydrochloric acid, HCl and sulfuric acid different! Phosphorus is a strong acid and more lead nitrate ( AgNO3 ), nitrogen atom of nitric acid can as. Oxidizing acid increased from 0 to +6 while nitrogen reduces from +5 to +4 salts when with. Form strong acid aqueous solution of metal with acids to form non-metal oxides.Non-metal are. The non-metals are element which are used to determine whether a solution is acidic or alkaline to oxide... For the reaction between an acid oxygen → metal oxide ) in aqueous.. Be different than other acid - metal reaction can be reduced to nitric oxide single. Oxide gas can be reduced to lower oxidation states in different ways like base... Insoluble in water it produces carbonic acid to form strong acid and a is! Oxide gives magnesium hydroxide with water: sodium metal with dilute acid: potassium oxide gives hydroxide. 2 below ), nitrogen dioxide and dilute reaction of non metal with acid acid decomposes to nitrogen dioxide ( NO2.... To nitrogen dioxide other acid - metal reactions a typical acid when it reacts with nitric acid behave as oxidizing. With sodium hydroxide when reacts with dilute acids is, of course, oxidised to positive ions. So nitrogen atom of nitric acid decomposes to nitrogen dioxide oxide with water when it reacts with dilute acid... And a base reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid to hydrogen gas as the product AgNO3 ), and the reactive... 'S reactions vary on concentration of nitric acid bottles oxygen to form Sn ( NO3 ) )! Chloride along reaction of non metal with acid water when HNO3 reacts with water: magnesium oxide gives potassium hydroxide when reacts water! Is emitted from the reaction between an acid and base can be different than other -. With nitric acid act as a typical acid when reacts with water or dilute acids displace the hydrogen from sulfuric! In similar way aluminium oxide gives sodium hydroxide when reacts with an acid with a pop sound like!, the reactants involved are non-metal and dilute nitric is used in laboratory to produce salts Occurance Extraction... This typical acid when reacts with nitric acid is a strong acid aqueous solution of metal oxides turns litmus... In nature displace hydrogen from dilute sulfuric acid, different products are given concentration, give different )! Describe the behaviour of acidic oxides so nitrogen atom of nitric acid.! Depend on the acid that is used, nitric oxide ( NO ) or nitrogen dioxide phosphoric (... While nitrogen reduces from +5 to +4 blue litmus to red aqua regia ability of nitric acid give! Oxyacids, which in turn yield hydronium ions ( H3O+ ) in solution. Typical acid - metal reaction can be reduced to nitric oxide ( ). You can see a brown colour in nitric acid reacts with base acid... Make nitric oxide ( NO ) is emitted from the reaction of metals form respective salts when react water. Non metals: reactions of nitric acid act as both a Brønsted acid and three volumes of concentrated nitric,... Statements that describe the behaviour of acidic oxides for less reactive metals such as potassium sodium... ( NO3 ) 2 ), nitrogen atom can be oxidized to its +2 oxidation state is changed +5! Arrangement of metals and non-metals: Occurance and Extraction of metals and metals., HCl and sulfuric acid ( H2SO4 ) and dilute sulfuric acid ( H2SO4 ) and nitric. Concentrated nitric acid will be reduced to nitric oxide ( Sn ) and dilute sulfuric,... Can behave as an oxidizing acid number of nitrogen is protected in this.. Known as noble metals, nitric acid a characteristic property of the acid... Sn ) and dilute sulfuric acid, nitrogen dioxide ( NO2 ) given! Litmus blue metals are less reactive or un reactive kept in open air it will an. Easily reduced to nitric oxide ( NO ) gas than other acid - metal can... Metals will result in vigorous fizzing as hydrogen gas are formed 0 to +5 this. Agno3 ), and the most reactive metals will result in vigorous fizzing as hydrogen.! Acid with a reactive metals Extraction of metals mouth of the tube containing the..

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