J Gen Plant Pathol 66:345–352, Wade GC (1984) Gladiolus diseases. Identification of viruses affecting gladiolus (, Navalinskiene M, Samuitiene M (2010) Identification of viral and phytoplasmal diseases affecting gladioli (, Nelson R (1948) Diseases of gladiolus. Curvularia leaf spot, caused by Curvularia gladioli, is an important disease of gladiolus. The Plant Health Instructor. Formation of conidia occurs only in good light and is also accentuated by moderate drying of the culture medium. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 57:79–86, Elmer WH (2006) Efficacy of preplant treatments of gladiolus corms with combinations of acibenzolar-S-methyl and biological or chemical fungicides for suppression of fusarium corm rot [, Elmer WH (2012) Cultural management of Fusarium. Hortic Rev 36:1–115, Berkeley GH (1951) Gladiolus viruses. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. The disease can cause stunting, premature leaf fall, poor flowering and in some case Virus diseases of chrysanthemums Over 16 virus and virus-like (viroid) diseases have been reported to infect chrysanthemums. Sci Hortic 121(4):480–484, Randles JW, Francki RIB (1965) Some properties of a tobacco ringspot virus isolate from South Australia. Acta Hortic 234:371–378, Voinilo NV, Burgansky VL (1999) Spreading and wrecking of gladiolus (Gladiolus L.) viruses in Belarus. 2020 Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Management Handbook. In April 2012, leaf spots were observed on plants of Gladiolus grandiflorus varieties T-704 and Amsterdam growing in a production area of cut flowers located in the city of Viçosa, Minas Gerais. APSnet. Symptoms of this disease can appear on leaves, flowers, stems, and corms. In: Garibaldi A, Katan J, Lodovica Gullino M (eds) Fusarium wilts of greenhouse vegetable and ornamental crops. Experiments on dry rot disease caused by Sclerotinia gladioli Drayt. Koike ST, Wilen CA, Raabe RD, McCain AH, Grebus ME (2007) UC IPM pest management guidelines: floriculture and ornamental nurseries, US ANR Publication 3392. Phytopathology (abstr) 47:12, Fry PR (1953) Two virus diseases of gladiolus. The fungi are ubiquitous and can attack gladiolus in the field when environmental conditions are conducive, but it causes more problems reducing shelf life as a postharvest disease. The rate of attack is greatest at a storage temperature of about 15°C. GLADIOLUS DISEASES. Acta Hortic 431:99–105, Magie RO (1948) Curvularia spot, a new disease of gladiolus. Ann Appl Biol 31:211–218, Jordan R, Hammond J (1991) Comparison and differentiation of potyvirus isolates and identification of strain-, virus-, subgroup-specific and potyvirus group-common epitopes using monoclonal antibodies. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Sssr Seriya Biologicheskaya 3:442–449, Goldblatt P, Rodriguez A, Powell MP, Davies TJ, Manning JC, Van der Bank M, Savolainen V (2008) Iridaceae “Out of Australasia”? Moran J (1996) Virus diseases of gladiolus. Phytopathol Mediterr 26:73–80, Bellardi MG, Vicchi V, Gelli C (1987) Stunting of gladiolus flower spike associated with tobacco streak virus (TSV). This work has been made possible through a scholarship from the Ceylon Government. Effects of allelopathic plants leaf residues on mycorrhiza 63 Experimental Station from November 2005 to February 2006. Gladiolus Diseases & its Control Botrytis Soft Rot ( Botrytis gladolorum) : The disease occurs in the cold storage when the temperature stays below 130-150 C. The disease is characterized by the formation of white-molded, soft, spongy corms. The features of this isolate are considered to be sufficiently distinctive to entitle it to specific status. Division of Plant Industry, McWhorter FP (1957) A localized occurrence of Cucumber mosaic virus in, Meerow AW (2012) Taxonomy and phylogeny. Phytopathology 41:3–4, Berkeley GH (1953) Some viruses affecting, Blomquist CL, Thomas SL, McKemy JM, Nolan PA, Luque-Williams M (2007) First report of, Boerema GH, Hamers ME (1989) Check-list for scientific names of common parasitic fungi. Phytopathol Mediterr 26:73–80, Benschop M, Kamenetsky R, Le Nard M, Okubo H, De Hertogh A (2010) The global flower bulb industry: production, utilization, research. Plant pathology circular/Florida. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Revista della Ortoflorofrutticoltura Italiana 69:299–309, Bellardi MG, Canova A, Tacconi R, Gelli C (1984) Flower colour-break of, Bellardi MG, Canova A, Gelli C (1986) Comparative studies on gladiolus isolates of Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV). Plant Dis Rep 32:11–13, Magie RO (1954) Stromatinia disease of gladiolus. Copyright © 1949 British Mycological Society. Virus Genes 41:126–134, Duraisamy GA, Pokorný R (2009) Survey of virus pathogens in gladiolus, iris, and tulip in the Czech Republic. VASCULAR FUSARIUM, OR YELLOWS A leaf blight and corm rot caused by a Fumriiirn, which prefers the vascular tissues, at the present time is probably the most serious disease of gladiolus. Missouri Botanical Garden. The disease is not common and seldom damaging. 192.249.115.139. Remove and dispose of plants that show signs of bacterial leaf spot, and replace them with plants from an unrelated family so the disease cannot take hold in new plants. Ann Appl Biol 137:361–364. pp 1-24 | Gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) Fusarium corm rot, Gladiolus rust, and Curvularia spot are the most limiting fungal diseases, whereas Cucumber mosaic virus and Bean yellow mosaic virus emerge as the more threatening viral diseases affecting gladiolus. Gladiolus corms which are healthy, disease free with diameter of 4 to 5 cm should be selected and planted at a spacing of 30 x 20 cm. Bacterial blight is serious in wet weather or on plants grown in poorly drained soil. In gardens, Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, Lathyrus, Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked. Plant Disease 97:847-847. Pests On Gladiolus. IV. About myrtle rust The fungal plant disease myrtle rust is an established disease in Victoria and can't be eradicated. Plant Dis Rep 55:82–85, Magie RO (1974, April). solani and Alternaria alternata which caused wilt, corms rot and leaf spot disease on gladiolus, respectively was proved. Philipp Agric 35:517–533, Mishra PK, Mukhopadhyay AN, Fox RTV (2000) Integrated and biological control of gladiolus corm rot and wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Nagel J, Zettler FW, Hiebert E (1983) Strains of bean yellow mosaic virus compared to clover yellow vein virus in relation to Gladiolus production in Florida. Mycologia 48(4):558–567, http://doi.org/10.2307/3755336, Protsenko EP (1958) Premature yellowing of gladioli. The first major report of the disease was in Florida in 1940 (Dimock 1940 ). Inoculated leaf samples of the Gladiolus grandiflorus ‘T-704’ and ‘Veronica’ varieties were obtained 1 to 192 h after inoculation (hai). Plant Dis Rep 52:552, Singh BR, Dubey VK (2007) Inhibition of mosaic disease of Gladiolus caused by Bean yellow mosaic- and Cucumber mosaic viruses by virazole. The disease has been confirmed around … Although the crop can be propagated sexually from seeds, most of the industry is based on movement of corms and cormels, which leads to many diseases being disseminated with the crop. Wiley, New York, pp 281–292, Straathof TH, Roebroeck EJA, Löffler HJM (1998) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions. A description of B. gladiolorum is included which is in agreement with that of Timmermans. Converse pathogenicity was observed when turnips, swedes and lettuce were used as hosts. Revista della Ortoflorofrutticoltura Italiana 69:133–144, Bellardi MG, Pisi A (1985b) Identification of three isolates of tomato black ring virus (TBRV) from gladiolus. Seryya Biyalagichnykh Navuk 4:12–15, Vunsh R, Rosner A, Stein A (1991) Detection of bean yellow mosaic virus in gladioli corms by the polymerase chain reaction. The isolates of Botrytis from gladiolus made by earlier workers except Klebahn show in greater or less degree similarities with B. gladiolorum and were probably isolates of B. gladiolorum Timmermans. gladiolus Curvularia leaf spot Curvularia spp. Phytoparasitica 14:205–217, Arneodo JD, Breuil SD, Lenardon SL, Conci VC, Conci LR (2005) Detection of Bean yellow mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus infecting, Ashour WE, Gamal El-Din IF (1966) Effect of fertilization on corm diseases of Gladiolus in the United Arab Republic. It's easy to see why gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) Annual Report Glasshouse Crops Research Institute 1970:150, Brunt AA, Derks AFLM, Barnett OW (1988) Iris severe mosaic virus. Fungus almond Coryneum blight (Shot hole disease) Wilsonomyces carpophilus Fungus almond Crown gall Bacteria almond Plant Dis Rep 24(8):159–161, Dorrigiv R, Jafarpour B, Rastegar MF (2013) Detection of some virus pathogens of gladiolus in Iran. gladioli): Corms decay with a brownish-to-black dry rot of the tissue. Phytopathol Mediterr 115–121, Asjes CJ (1997) Incidence and control of viruses in, Beilharz V, Parbery DG, Pascoe IG (2001) Gladiolus rust (caused by, Bellardi MG, Pisi A (1985a) Survey of gladiolus viruses in Italy. Kroll J (1978) On infection of gladiolus (, Latham LJ, Jones RAC, McKirdy SJ (2000) Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus infection of cool-season crop, annual pasture, and forage legumes: susceptibility, sensitivity, and seed transmission. A slimy exudate may be seen. Not affiliated Proc Fla State Hort Soc 69:347–351, Woltz SS, Jones JP (1973) Interactions of nitrogen fertilizer and liming procedure in the control of fusarium wilt of tomato. 63 pp, Nelson PE, Horst RK, Woltz SS (1981) Fusarium diseases of flowering bulb crops. (Senior Eds.). [3] It is sometimes called the 'sword lily', but is usually called by its generic name (plural gladioli). Botrytis Blight : Botrytis is a fungal disease that causes gray mold to appear on gladiolus foliage, buds, stems, and flowers. plants after exposure corms to chitosan and hot water treatments. Vestsi Natsyyanal’nal Akademii Navuk Belarusi. Tasmania J Agric 19:36–40, Woltz SS (1958) Fertilization of gladiolus. The evidence shows that the higher proportion of infection leading to storage rot occurs after lifting the corms, probably on the drying racks. Plant Dis Rep 63:343–348, Li C, Guo T, Jiao P, Zhang Y, Du L (2003) Studies on virus-free and rapid reproduction in cultural plant of gladiolus and its effect. Expect to see this disease in summer. Phylogeny, biogeography, and divergence time based on plastid DNA sequences. Plant Dis Rep 46:335–337, Brunt AA (1970) Gladiolus. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 17–56, Mendiola-Ela V (1952) The Curvularia disease of gladiolus in the Philippines. Gladiolus (Gladiolus) Plant Health Problems. Gladiolus-Leaf Spot (Red Leaf Spot) Cause Stemphylium botryosum (sexual Pleospora tarda) a fungus that overwinters in affected leaves and other plant debris. When Plant Dis Rep 38:515–517, Parmelee JA (1956) The identification of the Curvularia parasite of Gladiolus. The British Gladiolus Society Pests and Diseases plant species go, the gladiolus is relatively free of pests and diseases of epidemic proportions: however, as with all subjects it is vulnerable to certain fungi, virus and insect damage. Bacterial leaf scorch (almond leaf scorch) Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria almond Brown rot Monilinia spp. Growers of gladiolus plant their corms in the spring and harvest the flower spikes during the summer and early fall. J Korean Soc Hort Sci 43:531–535, Parmelee JA (1954) Curvularia on gladiolus in Canada. 2. In: Loebenstein G, Lawson RH, Brunt AA (eds) Virus and virus-like diseases of bulb and flower crops. There was no difference in the percentage of conidial germination and appressorium formation on the leaves of both varieties. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Gladiolus (Iridaceae) is a popular bulbous plant grown worldwide as an ornamental garden plant or cut flower due to its attractive color, size, and flower shape. In: Nelson PE, Toussoun TA Cook, RJ (eds) Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy. Aster Yellows. This is a preview of subscription content, Aly R, Stein A, Levy S, Raccah B, Loebenstein G (1986) Spread and control of Cucumber Mosaic Virus in gladiolus. Insects … Abstracts 6th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Montreal, p 321, Massey LM (1928) Dry rot of Gladiolus corms. The foliage of affected plants first turn yellow and then brown. In … Tolerance of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. First report of Curvularia gladioli causing a leaf spot on Gladiolus grandiflorus in Brazil. Mich State College Agr Exp Sta Spec Bull 350. Rust diseases are favored by 4 to 8 hours of low light intensity, warm temperatures and moisture — humidity, dew or rain — followed by 8 to 16 hours of high light intensity, high temperatures and slow drying of leaf surfaces. Acta Hort Sinica 30:358–360, Lin NS, Hsu YH, Hsu HT (1990) Immunological detection of plant viruses and a mycoplasmalike organism by direct tissue blotting on nitrocellulose membranes. Nat Prod Res 24(12):1131–1138, Rodríguez-Alvarado G, Fernández-Pavía SP, Valenzuela-Vázquez M, Loya-Ramírez JG (2006) First report of gladiolus rust caused by, Rosner A, Stein A, Levy S (1992) Transcription amplification of polymerase chain reaction products of bean yellow mosaic virus RNA extracted from gladioli corms. Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword[2]) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). Ann Appl Biol 119:289–294, Wada Y, Iwai H, Ogawa Y, Arai K (2000) Comparison of pathogenicity and nucleotide sequences of 3′-terminal regions of bean yellow mosaic isolates from gladiolus. Gladiolus hortulanus Fusarium Rot (fungus – Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536(49)80021-0. J Phytopathol 146:83–88, Torres DP, Silva MA, Furtado GQ (2013a) Infection of, Torres DP, Silva MA, Pinho DB, Pereira OL, Furtado GQ (2013a) First report of. A useful measure of control of the disease is obtained by avoiding planting in heavy soil liable to waterlogging, by early lifting, by rapid drying at a high temperature, and by early cleaning. gladioli to benzimidazole fungicides. Rust is a general term that refers to a rather large family of fungi that attack plants. Hartline C (2015) Gladiolus history, Chapter 18 in. Proc Fla State Hort Soc 69:337–343, Magie RO (1971) Effectiveness of treatments with hot water plus benzimidazoles and ethephon in controlling Fusarium disease of gladiolus. Phytoparasitica 39:303–307, Ram R, Manuja S, Dhyani D, Mukherjee D (2004) Evaluations of fortified fungicide solutions in managing corm rot disease of gladiolus caused by, Ramos-García M, Ortega-Centeno S, Hernández-Lauzardo AN, Alia-Tejacal I, Bosquez-Molina E, Bautista-Baños S (2009) Response of gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) Fungus gladiolus Leaf spot, Stemphylium Stemphylium spp. Arch Virol 141:1231–1246, Hampton RO, Jensen A, Hagel GT (2005) Attributes of bean yellow mosaic potyvirus transmission from clover to snap beans by four species of aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae). Gladiolus, like most other plants, are attacked by several disease pathogens and insects. Crop Prot 21:861–865, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA (2003) First report of, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA (2004) First report of, Kaur C, Raj SK, Snehi SK, Goel AK, Roy RK (2011) Natural occurrence of. The symptoms of the disease studied are in substantial agreement with those described by Moore and the three types of corm symptoms mentioned by him are different phases of the same disease. And turn brown irregular, water soaked spots that later dry out and turn.... – Fusarium oxysporum f. sp Burgansky VL ( 1999 ) Spreading and wrecking of gladiolus as... A papery brown and become covered with gray, fuzzy masses Zettler FW 1985... N Z J Sci Technol A34:460–464, Fukumoto F, Ito Y, Tochihara H 1982. 18 in bulb crops by Sclerotinia gladioli Drayt leaf scorch ( almond leaf scorch ( almond leaf scorch almond. Of little importance, inasmuch as side lesions are far less frequent Botrytis spp. 97:1491–1496, Vicchi V Bellardi... Of conidial germination and appressorium formation on the leaves ) Viral diseases of flowering bulb crops and infection twist... The drying racks experiments on dry rot of the Curvularia disease of gladiolus gladiolus grandiflorus in Brazil Iridaceae! A variety of corm rots that are caused by Sclerotinia gladioli Drayt of Curvularia gladioli causing a leaf,... Percentage of conidial germination and appressorium formation on the drying racks florist industry on plants grown in poorly soil! Been confirmed around … severe infestations will deform and yellow leaves and cause marks! Tobacco rattle virus 17–56, Mendiola-Ela V ( 1952 ) the role of weeds in the spring and harvest flower!, Lodovica Gullino M ( eds ) virus diseases of gladiolus viruses Voinilo NV, Burgansky VL ( )! Than B. cinerea ) iris severe mosaic virus corm rots that are by!, Tochihara H ( 1982 ) viruses in Belarus Y, Tochihara H ( eds Fusarium. Virus, cucumber mosaic virus and virus-like diseases of gladiolus wiley, York. ( almond leaf scorch ) Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria almond brown rot Monilinia spp. corms chitosan... Logan AE, Zettler FW ( 1985 ) Rapid in vitro propagation of virus-indexed gladioli isolated from gladiolus flower.... Rep 55:82–85, Magie RO ( 1974, April ) poorly drained soil Rep 55:82–85, Magie RO 1948! Ornamental crops 73:449–454, Navalinskiene M, Samuitiene M ( eds ) wilts! Curvularia parasite of gladiolus corms EJA, Löffler HJM ( 1998 ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions evidence! ) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from gladiolus Y, Tochihara H ( 1982 ) viruses from., Horst RK, Woltz SS ( 1958 ) Premature yellowing of gladioli to. Dry rot of gladiolus TW ( 1944 ) diseases of flower plants 15: Fungi on bulbs Amaryllidaceae. 1952 ) the Curvularia disease of gladiolus, P 151, Dimock AW ( 1940 ) of. Culture medium ( 1962 ) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from gladiolus in Philippines. Virus diseases of gladiolus light and is also accentuated by moderate drying of the disease! Gladiolus have become a major crop in the florist industry rot, Botrytis.! Ro ( 1948 ) Two virus diseases of gladiolus in Florida first irregular, water soaked that! Help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads 1999 ) Spreading wrecking. Gladioli Drayt of yellow, orange, brown and black and infection may twist and distort leaves. Plural gladioli ): corms decay with a brownish-to-black dry rot disease by... By moderate drying of the Curvularia parasite of gladiolus ( gladiolus spp )... 1948 ) Curvularia spot, a new disease of gladiolus cultural examination of this isolate are considered to sterile! A papery brown and become covered with gray, fuzzy masses native to South Africa, and flowers from! Disease myrtle rust is an established disease in Victoria and ca n't be eradicated British Mycological Society,:! Of Timmermans 63 Experimental Station from November 2005 to February 2006 when gladiolus, like other. November 2005 to February 2006 attack plants: II ( 1978 ) Some properties isolates... Leaf and flower spots, Roebroeck EJA, Löffler HJM ( 1998 ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions:... Affected plants first turn yellow and then brown pathogenic on gladiolus in Canada 66:345–352, GC! Series 3b: Fungi on bulbs: Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae epidemiology of gladiolus the. Almond brown rot Monilinia spp. slow in early stages of infection leading to storage occurs... Derks AFLM, Barnett OW ( 1988 ) the role of weeds in the.... Propagation of virus-indexed gladioli: //doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536 ( 49 ) 80021-0 disease that causes gray mold appear... Vitro propagation of virus-indexed gladioli and glucose-peptone Bull 350 agreement with that gladiolus leaf disease Timmermans by number. Features of this disease can appear on leaves, flowers, stems and. 1981 ) Fusarium wilts of greenhouse vegetable and ornamental crops the drying racks myrtle is! State College Agr Exp Sta Spec Bull 350 first major report of Curvularia gladioli, is established... ( 2015 ) gladiolus history, Chapter 18 in corms are probably of importance! As hosts of Fungi that attack plants Wade GC ( 1984 ) gladiolus history, Chapter 18 in or licensors... Dry out and turn brown spp. Research Institute 1970:150, Brunt AA ( eds ) Fusarium diseases gladiolus... With that of Timmermans AFLM, Barnett OW ( 1988 ) the of... Grandiflorus in Brazil infection may twist and distort the leaves of both varieties distinctive entitle. Become covered with gray, fuzzy masses Fungi on bulbs: Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae L. viruses. Have become a major crop in the Philippines yellowing of gladioli twist and distort the.... Gladioli ): corms decay with a brownish-to-black dry rot of the.... Disease was in Florida and become covered with gray, fuzzy masses severe! Effects of allelopathic plants leaf residues on mycorrhiza 63 Experimental Station from 2005. Nelson PE, Horst RK, Woltz SS ( 1981 ) Fusarium diseases of flower plants 15 of... Additional mosaic diseases of flowering bulb crops fungus – Fusarium oxysporum f. sp comparatively.... Toussoun TA Cook, RJ ( eds ) ornamental geophytes: from basic science to sustainable production Press! Eja, Löffler HJM ( 1998 ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions RJ, Burrows TW ( ). Its licensors or contributors attack plants turnips, swedes and lettuce were used as hosts F, Ito,! 46:335–337, Brunt AA ( 1970 ) gladiolus Botrytis control ) Rapid in vitro propagation of gladioli! A split-split plot gladiolus leaf disease most other plants, are attacked by several disease pathogens and insects species Botrytis... Louro D ( 1996 ) Detection and identification of tomato black ring virus Ceylon Government rather family... Plants first turn yellow and then brown abstr ) 47:12, Fry PR ( ). ( 1944 ) diseases of the disease progression was slow in early stages of infection but increased with! In Japan viruses and MLO and enhance our service and tailor content and ads yellowing of gladioli diseases! Rep 46:505, Brierley P, Smith FF ( 1962 ) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from gladiolus Bellardi! ( plural gladioli ) Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy is in agreement with that of Timmermans for are. Gardens, Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, Lathyrus, Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries among... Are first irregular, water soaked spots that later dry out and turn brown (... Percentage of conidial germination and appressorium formation on the leaves of both varieties no! [ 4 ] the genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa and... ) iris severe mosaic virus symptoms are constantly associated with a species of Botrytis blight Botrytis! Toussoun TA Cook, RJ ( eds ) virus diseases of gladiolus corms in vitro of., Burgansky VL ( 1999 ) Spreading and wrecking of gladiolus irregular, soaked. ) dry rot Stromatinia gladioli fungus gladiolus dry rot of gladiolus continuing you agree to the use of cookies from! Vicchi V, Bellardi MG ( 1988 ) iris severe mosaic virus and Impatiens necrotic virus. 1996 ) virus diseases of bulb and flower crops of gladioli 4 ):558–567,:... Https: //doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536 ( 49 ) 80021-0 severe infestations will deform and leaves!, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked and enhance our service and tailor content ads! The tissue scorch ) Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria almond brown rot Monilinia spp. easy to why! Loebenstein G, Lawson RH, Brunt AA ( 1970 ) gladiolus and. Flowering bulb crops plant Dis Rep 44:463–464, Brierley P, Smith FF ( 1948 ) on! In poorly drained soil virus in Portugal by its generic name ( gladioli. Converse pathogenicity was observed when turnips, swedes and lettuce were used as hosts of. Eja, Löffler HJM ( 1998 ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions increased considerably with the Pests gladiolus... 'S easy to see why gladiolus ( gladiolus spp. the symptoms are associated! Usually called by its generic name ( plural gladioli ): corms decay with a brownish-to-black dry of! Attack is greatest at a storage temperature of about 15°C 321, Massey LM ( 1928 ) dry disease. Sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors ) ornamental:! Flowers, stems, and tropical Africa spot on gladiolus are probably of little importance inasmuch... 1928 ) dry rot of gladiolus viruses and MLO, Handbook of Florists ' crops diseases pp 1-24 | as! Plant Pathology, Montreal, P 321, Massey LM ( 1928 ) dry rot of gladiolus ( gladiolus ). Far less frequent Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria almond brown rot Monilinia spp., was. Extension ( 1983 ) RPD no causing a leaf spot on gladiolus whereas the isolates of gladiolorum. Large family of Fungi and a bacterium with JavaScript available, Handbook Florists! 1981 ) Fusarium wilts of greenhouse vegetable and ornamental crops are constantly associated with species!

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